Clinical Medicine Research

Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016

  • A Test of Accuracy and Completeness in Data Flow Value Chain Within the Context of Early Infant Diagnosis of HIV Using Mixed Methods Approaches

    Leonard King’wara, David Omondi Okeyo, Charles Obonyo

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 63-72
    Received: May 05, 2016
    Accepted: May 17, 2016
    Published: Jun. 04, 2016
    Abstract: Recent changes to Kenya’s early infant diagnosis (EID) testing algorithm have raised hope that the national goal of reducing perinatal HIV transmission rates to less than 5% can be attained. While programmatic efforts to reach this target are underway, obtaining complete and accurate data from clinical sites to track progress presents a major chall... Show More
  • Prevalence of Crytpococcal Infection in Patients Clinically Diagnosed to Have Meningitis in Ethiopia

    Adane Bitew, Mulu Hassen, Tigist Getachew, Surafel Fentaw

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 73-76
    Received: May 21, 2016
    Accepted: May 31, 2016
    Published: Jun. 14, 2016
    Abstract: Cryptococcal meningitis is a fungal infection that causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, its incidence in Ethiopia is poorly known. The present study was undertaken to determine cryptococcal meningitis in Ethiopian patients diagnosed to have meningitis. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected from 201 patients with meningitis att... Show More
  • Investigation on the Effects of Brain Retraction on Local Cerebral Metabolism Utilizing Microdialysis

    Rigen Wu, Zhiqiang Kang

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 77-81
    Received: Jun. 14, 2016
    Published: Jun. 15, 2016
    Abstract: In order to study the effect of brain retraction on local biochemical metabolism in brain tissue and to investigate the potential application of microdialysis in monitoring local cerebral metabolic and biochemical variations owing to brain retraction injury. Brain tissues were retracted based on different retraction pressures (30 mmHg, 40 mmHg, 50 ... Show More